The Full form of IPS is Indian Police Service, which is one of the three arms of All India Services along with IAS and IFoS. The cadre controlling authority for the IPS is the ministry of Home affairs. It replaced the Indian Imperial Police in 1948. An IPS officer needs to ensure the safety of citizens by taking care of the law and order. They also command and provide leadership to state and UTs’ police forces, CAPF forces (BSF, SSB, CRPF, CISF & ITBP), National Security Guards, etc. Moreover, the Indian Police Service is a DREAM job of many youngsters who wish to actively serve the nation and its people. It ranks 2nd on the list of 24 services offered by UPSC through ANNUALLY HELD civil services examination.

IPS officers lead the force with courage, uprightness, dedication as well as a strong sense of service to the people. IPS candidates hold office of ASP, SP, SSP, DIG, IGP, ADGP, DGP, DIB, etc. Aspirants seek to become IPS officers due to new challenges the job brings, EXPOSURE DURING SERVICE, and the prestige and respect it commands in society. Hence, it is important to understand the seriousness of the job.

Table of Contents:-

    1. Roles of an IPS officer
    2. Required skills
    3. Salary and perks
    4. Eligibility and attempt
    5. Exam pattern
    6. Training
    7. Pros and cons
    8. FAQs

Roles of an IPS officer

IPS is a highly respected and prestigious service responsible for maintaining the internal security of India. Sardar Patel defined it as one of the most fundamental pillars of the Indian democracy along with IAS responsible for the maintenance of law and order, peace, sovereignty and integrity of India. The roles an IPS officer Performs are-:

  1. Maintain peace and order – IPS officers maintains public order and also peace by preventing crimes.
  2. Border services – An IPS officer also has to maintain peace at the borders. Further, it remains a day to day duty after you enter the IPS.
  3. VIP security – IPS officers also have to provide security to important people and at important events.
  4. Railway policing – The roles include railway policing also.
  5. Address Economic Offences – Eg. Corruption.
  6. Investigation – Detection, and also collection of data to promote safety and security.
  7. Leading and commanding the RAW, IB, CBI, CID, and also CAPF in all the states and the UTs.
  8. Further, the role of an IPS officer is to inculcate integrity of the highest order and ensure that a broad liberal perspective of law and justice prevails.
  9. Also, serve as HoDs in policymaking in various Ministries and Departments under Centre and state.
  10. Interact and coordination – Close contact with Other All India Services, Army in general


Required skills to become an IPS officer


  1. The candidate has to be hardworking, have strong determination, and also will power.
  2. Clarity of thought and also an ability to analyze the situation to take a just decision.
  3. Moreover, quick at decision making and the ability to see through situations that may promote violence and disorder.
  4. Sensitive to the aspirations of people at large as well as to have good listening and communication skills.
  5. Also, one needs to be thorough with the law of the land.
  6. Further, there is a need to work on physical fitness and stay mentally alert.


Salary and Perks:

This job brings to you a generous salary and other benefits as well. The first perk being that the job itself is a work of dignity and a lot of people dream to reach here. So, let us look at some of the benefits:


According to the 7th pay commission, the system of pay grades for civil services has been removed and the consolidation pay level has been introduced. Hence, the IPS pay scale is decided only on the basic pay along with TA, DA, and HRA.


  1. Rent-free accommodation or stay with minimal rates with the security guard and also domestic help.
  2. Official vehicle facility, free electricity and also phone calls, etc.
  3. Moreover, the option for taking leave to study abroad
  4. High level of job security, power, and also respect in society
  5. Further, lifetime pension and retirement benefits, medical attendance
  6. Also, provision of an official vehicle, etc.

Nationality: To become an IPS officer, one must be a citizen of India.

Educational and other qualifications:

All UPSC aspirants must have a minimum of one educational qualification from the following:

  1. An aspiring IPS officer should have a minimum Bachelor’s degree or equivalent qualification from any of the streams from a recognized university.
  2. Candidates who have appeared and are awaiting the result of their bachelor’s exam can also appear for the UPSC exam.


Age limit:

  1. On the 1st of August of the year of the exam, the aspirant must be at least 21 years of age.
  2. The minimum age to appear for the exam is 21 years of age. Further, the maximum is 32 years.
  3. Also, there are different age relaxations based on reservations like SC/ST/OBC, etc., and PH groups.

Exam Pattern:

There are three stages of the exam that a candidate needs to clear to become an IPS officer. So, they are – Prelims, Mains, and Interview. Further, a detailed exam pattern of these stages is mentioned below:


This stage intends to focus on the analytical abilities of the candidate. There are two papers (Both general studies or GS papers) of two hours duration with 200 marks each. Further, both papers have single/multiple choice type questions only:

GS 1: It requires the candidate’s knowledge on current events and various subjects like History of India and Indian national movement, Geography of India and world, Indian polity, socio-economic development, and also general science, etc.

GS 2 (CSAT): This exam tests the candidate’s skills in comprehension, logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision making, problem-solving, also basic numeracy and data, etc. Further, this exam is qualifying in nature. Further, these marks are not counted for merit. But, there is a need to score a minimum of 33% in this paper to qualify for the prelims exam.



The Interview is of 275 marks. Here, the candidates are tested on their critical thinking abilities, presence of mind, etc.

The Board also may ask extensively about the optional subject. So, it is a must to be fully prepared with your optional subject. Further, candidates can be asked about current affairs, hobbies, general issues. So, it is very important to keep in touch with the news even after you have cleared the Mains exam. Also, the interview can last from 15 mins to as long as 45 minutes.


There are 4 parts for the training to the IPS recruits:

  1. Foundation course: The duration of this course is 3 months, at LBSNAA, Mussoorie.
  2. Phase 1 training: It is a basic course of 11 months at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Acadeomy, Hyderabad.
  3. District Practical Training: The duration of this training is 6 months at their respective cadre.
  4. Phase 2 training: It is a 1-month training at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad.

The foundation course for IPS officers is held at the LBSNAA together with all the other civil services recruits. Further, after the foundation course, candidates move on to the phase 1 part of the training at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Academy at Hyderabad.

Pros and Cons of this service:


  1. An IPS officer might get a chance to work with IB and in some cases also with the RAW.
  2. IPS officers will be in charge of his/her domain and will also be leading an adventurous life.
  3. Further, real cherishable experience and can be a part of amazing works like counter-terrorism/investigation, intelligence collection, foreign liaisons, etc.
  4. Further, an IPS officer gets all the benefits stated above.


  1. Very stressful service life because for the first 8-10 years of service, officers will be doing a lot of fieldwork.
  2. Need to stay physically fit and exercise regularly. But, this can be a benefit for many as staying active should be the basis of a healthy life.
  3. The candidate will have to have a strong mentality i.e. he/she has to be very frequently exposed to the disturbing scene of a crime scene, blood, dead bodies, etc.
  4. Also, odd calls at midnight in rare and emergency conditions, etc.

Every job has its pros and cons but being an IPS officer provides the chance to promote progress, peace, and order. This is one of the best jobs in the world as it promotes humanity and also justice. So, people who seek to work for the people and society at large should definitely go for this job.

FAQS on IPS full form


1. What is the full form of IPS?

The full form of IPS is Indian Police Services. Further, it is an All India Service recruited by the UPSC through the Civil services examination.

2. What are the ways in which one can become an IPS officer?

  1. By clearing the UPSC – Civil Services Exam or
  2. Also, via appointment from the list of State Police Service Officers who are due promotion.

3. What is the initial salary of an IPS officer?

The entry level IPS officer salary is around 56,100 rupees.